morals be all online- teachers share what youth-tech need to work on for species sdg

world bank 2016
adam smith- 260th year of ada smiths q&a- how can peoples map best energy & intel of machine & human
abed and
sdg curriculum of engineering -2020s 27th & last decade of war between man, machine, nature
The Economist top 20 questions to leaders on saving human race by norman macrae and friends
worlds biggest maths error -design global markets to destroy youth SDGen- previously - arts & loveq saves world also yungfeng capital, and Jack Ma TV
is purpose of ecommerce to be world's biggest retailer? also &
schwarzman & 12 asian alumni networks millennials can save world with 2020 tech & humanity
Music for sdgs linking youth arts, sports,stars
AI try designing your own twitter curriculum and AI for everyone curricula
old top to - a Norman Macrae Foundation Youth Economists Project
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The Global Infrastructure Forum 2016 is jointly organized, in close partnership with the United Nations, by key development partners in infrastructure and the multilateral development banks. It will highlight opportunities for investment and cooperation that are environmentally, socially, and economically sustainable.

Jim Yong Kim
President, World Bank Group
Ban Ki-moon
Secretary-General, United Nations
Jin Liqun
President, Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank
Takehiko Nakao
President, Asian Development Bank
Akinwumi Adesina
President, African Development Bank Group
Suma Chakrabarti
President, European Bank for Reconstruction and Development
Werner Hoyer
President, European Investment Bank
Luis Alberto Moreno
President, Inter-American Development Bank
Ahmad Mohamed Ali Al Madani, Ph.D.
President. Islamic Development Bank
Kundapur Vaman Kamath
President, New Development Bank
Wu Hongbo
United Nations Under-Secretary-General for Economic and Social Affairs
Chulamanee Chartsuwan
Ambassador and Deputy Permanent Representative of the Permanent Mission of Thailand to the United Nations
Mauricio Cárdenas
Minister of Finance and Public Credit, Republic of Colombia
Philippe H. Le Houérou
Executive Vice President and CEO, International Finance Corporation
Lou Jiwei
Minister of Finance, the People’s Republic of China, and Chair of 2016 G20 FMCBG Meeting
Zeinab Badawi
International Broadcaster and Chair of the Royal African Society
well everyone who understands the story the way for people to take back banking and currency systems depends on goodwill of blockchain coding is of course welcome to open space how we can help form the greatest coders4sustainability association by making sure we begin by linking in blockchain coders in ways that are synergetic with jack ma's orbit

there is next to no doubt that jack ma's educational and financial services and sme market partners will form this association and as long as nothing goes wrong national leadership oh china backs him in this collaboration network critical to sustainability- the question is can any of us help get a seat at that table for all of us 

4 of my current wonders on this
1 one way depends on whether baltimore as al says can be a benchmark for the world (that really needs jim kims help -kim has said everyone he works with needs to study ma's system designs before spending any more money ) or indeed rome's
sample- from after action debriefings week after world bank meetings-------------- questions to dc text 240 316 8157
2 another way is to head off the  before sal khan messes up that part of it which is about moocs of coding for sustainability

3 a third way is to unite everyone who has every empowered girls out of bangladesh to understand 21st c microcredit cant sustain banks unless its best at blockchain- i will discuss this during my next trip to dhaka where leaders already look to newsletters edited by amy's friends for latest china connections

4 a fourth way depends on relationships at tsinghua university- this is where future leaders of china linkin and is yuxuan's alma mater- 

(india's universal identity now its reached 800 million people and only cost a dollar per person to keep building is another way but there was a right old muddle at world bank at the panel discussing this- why anyoine would take advice from mastercard on how to blockchain financial inclusion for billion poorest is beyond my ken)  New World Bank event: Identification for Development: Harnessing the Power of Digital Solutions join in questioning 1 hour 19 minutes and 30 seconds int this video

give me a few days to see which of these has next step movement or tell me if you see another way

finding an engineering school or a matrhematician's network to link this in - i dont know how one does that out of america- equally i dont know whether any xprize movements would really want to join in - i expect not until jack ma is on board

george soros or edmund phelps (cloumbia) would get it if one could have a minute with him but i have more chance of bumping into ma than soros

jack ma's 7 wonders  history of sustainability mba in europe- began in 2006 in paris HEC with danone and yunus sarkozi and stiglitz- adam smith scholars in glasgow offered to partner paris in 2008 but got lost by 2009; appears to have been building out of jack ma's first presentations at tsinghua and with china entrepreneur network from about the same starting date- unlike the mba the sustainability mba needs to be the lowest cost curriculum of whomever leads todays under 30s meta-collaborations 

Spring Meetings 2016



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This two-day event called on young people from around the world to submit their innovative climate change solutions. Teams from shortlisted proposals pitched their ideas in a live competition.

Digital technologies have boosted growth, expanded opportunities, and improved service delivery. Yet their development benefits have fallen short and are unevenly distributed.

Taking a hard look at how to continue development progress in the face of the conflict in Syria, the tragic refugee crisis, and global extremist activities.


- Choose -             Agriculture and Rural Development               (12)               Annual Meetings 2012               (8)               Annual Meetings 2013               (18)               Annual Meetings 2014               (23)               Anti-corruption               (10)               Climate Change               (24)               Colombia               (1)               Conflict               (7)               CSO               (1)               Data               (14)               Disasters               (7)               Ebola               (2)               Education               (17)               Energy               (15)               Environment               (14)               Financial Inclusion               (7)               Financial Sector               (20)               Food Prices               (7)               Gender               (26)               Global Economy               (31)               Governance               (2)               Health               (20)               HIV/AIDS               (4)               Inequality               (12)               Information and Communication Technologies               (10)               Jobs               (1)               Labor and Social Protection               (13)               Law and Development               (5)               Migration and Remittances               (2)               Open Government               (11)               paz               (1)               Poverty               (27)               President Jim Kim               (49)               Private Sector Development               (8)               Public Sector and Governance               (3)               Safeguards               (1)               Sanitation               (4)               Social Development               (13)               Social Media               (3)               Spring Meetings 2012               (8)               Spring Meetings 2013               (15)               Spring Meetings 2014               (24)               Spring Meetings 2015               (23)               Sustainable Development Goals               (1)               Trade               (2)               Transport               (6)               Urban Development               (15)               Water               (5)               Youth               (22)   


- Choose -             Africa               (27)               East Asia and Pacific               (18)               Europe and Central Asia               (10)               Latin America & Caribbean               (19)               Middle East and North Africa               (17)               South Asia               (6)   

pcoming Events

October 03, 2016
14:00 ET
18:00 GMT

Tune in for a conversation with World Bank President Jim Kim at Brookings Institution where he will set out his vision for ending extreme poverty by 2030 and boosting shared prosperity.

Follow the event on Twitter with #EndPoverty

Jim Yong Kim
President, World Bank Group
Strobe Talbott
President, The Brookings Institution
Kemal Derviş
Vice President and Director, Global Economy and Development

October 04, 2016
09:30 ET
13:30 GMT

With global economic growth expected to slow in the years to come, it will be ever more important for countries to make a concerted effort to reach the least well-off with policies and programs that can help them move upward.

Follow the event on Twitter with #EndPoverty

Winnie Byanyima 
Executive Director of Oxfam International
Jan Walliser
Vice President, Equitable Growth, Finance, and Institutions
José Rosero Moncayo
Executive Director, INEC Ecuador
Sri Mulyani Indrawati
Minister of Finance, Indonesia
Francisco Ferreira
Senior Adviser, Development Research Group, World Bank
Paul Danahar 
BBC Americas Bureau Chief 

October 05, 2016
11:00 ET
15:00 GMT

Join a one-on-one conversation with WBG President Jim Kim and the Bank’s new Chief Economist Paul Romer as they discuss challenges in global development and the links between economic growth, poverty, and inequality.

Follow the event on Twitter with #Vision4Dev

Jim Yong Kim
President, World Bank Group
Paul Romer
Chief Economist, World Bank

October 05, 2016
12:00 ET
16:00 GMT

How can growth in Latin America be reactivated? How can the most vulnerable be protected? How can governments make important investments in infrastructure and productivity in the face of global economic slowdown?

Follow the event on Twitter with #Perspectivas2017

Augusto de la Torre
Chief Economist, Latin America and the Caribbean, World Bank Group
Alejandra Viveros 
Communications Manager, Latin America and the Caribbean Regional Office, World Bank

October 05, 2016
14:00 ET
18:00 GMT

Urgent action is needed to mobilize, redirect and unlock trillions of dollars of private resources to ensure global growth and shared prosperity.IFC’s 60 years of experience has demonstrated the private sector’s ability to create innovative, commercially viable solutions that deliver development impact.

Follow the event on Twitter with #Billions2Trillions

Philippe H. Le Houérou
Executive Vice President and CEO, International Finance Corporation
Thomas Konditi
President & CEO, Africa, GE Transportation 
Jingdong Hua
Vice President and Treasurer, IFC
Gavin Wilson
CEO, IFC Asset Management Company 
Andreas Gruber
Group Chief Investment Officer, Allianz
Nozipho Mbanjwa
Africa Anchor, CNBC
Teresa C. Barger
Senior Managing Director

October 05, 2016
16:00 ET
20:00 GMT

The event will provide unique perspectives on the major challenges and opportunities of developing a global pipeline of bankable infrastructure projects in emerging markets and developing economies (EMDEs).

Follow the event on Twitter with #InvestInInfra

Joaquim Levy
Managing Director and Chief Financial Officer, World Bank Group
Kemi Adeosun 
Minister of Finance, Nigeria
Nasser A. Malik
Citigroup, Managing Director, Head of Global Structured Debt
William Francis Morneau
Minister of Finance, Canada
Macky Tall 
Executive Vice-President, Infrastructure, and President and Chief Executive Officer, CDPQ Infra
Stephanie Ruhle 
MSNBC anchor and co-anchor of Weekend TODAY on NBC

October 05, 2016
17:30 ET
21:30 GMT

Join World Bank Group President Jim Yong Kim and International Monetary Fund Managing Director Christine Lagarde as they engage with representatives from Global Civil Society Organizations in an interactive townhall event.


Follow the event on Twitter with #AMCSO16

Jim Yong Kim
President, World Bank Group
Christine Lagarde
Managing Director, International Monetary Fund
Faith Nwadishi
Founder and Executive Director of Koyenum Immallah Foundation

October 06, 2016
09:30 ET
13:30 GMT

World Bank Group President Jim Yong Kim will address the press during the World Bank’s 2016 Annual Meetings.

Follow the event on Twitter with #WBLive

Jim Yong Kim
President, World Bank Group

October 06, 2016
10:00 ET
14:00 GMT

Join cutting-edge thinkers in the field of governance to discuss the notion of “effective governance” and to clarify some of the drivers necessary to improve governance and meet the development challenges of the 21 century.

Follow the event on Twitter with #GoodGov

Adnan Khan
Research and Policy Director, International Growth Centre, London School of Economics
Winnie Byanyima 
Executive Director of Oxfam International
Edmund Malesky
Professor of Political Economy at Duke University 
Kyle Peters
Interim Managing Director and Chief Operating Officer and Vice-President, Operations, World Bank Group
Clare Short
Chair, Cities Alliance; Former Secretary of State for International Development, UK

October 06, 2016
10:00 ET
14:00 GMT

South Asia is hot on the heels of East Asia to become the world’s next middle-income region. But to catch its neighbors, South Asia and its firms – especially in industries such as light manufacturing, auto and agribusiness - will need to compete on a global scale.

Follow the event on Twitter with #SouthAsiaCompetes

Indrajit Coomaraswamy 
Governor of the Central Bank of Sri Lanka
Annette Dixon
South Asia Region, World Bank Group 
Kim Elliott
Senior Fellow, Center for Global Development 
Anabel González
Senior Director, Trade & Competitiveness, World Bank Group 
Rubana Huq
Managing Director, Mohammadi Group, Bangladesh 
Pravin Krishna
Professor of International Economics and Business, Johns Hopkins University 
Anubha Bhonsle

October 06, 2016
11:00 ET
15:00 GMT
Photo credit: Dominic Chavez

Join us as country leaders make commitments to reduce chronic malnutrition in children and expand access to early childhood development services by 2020 to ensure that children everywhere can thrive.

Follow the event on Twitter with #EarlyYears

Jim Yong Kim
President, World Bank Group
Jimmy Morales
President of the Republic of Guatemala
Daniel Kablan Duncan
Prime Minister, Cote d’Ivoire 
Samia Suluhu Hassan
Vice President of Tanzania
Louis Paul Motazé
Minister of Economy, Planning and Regional Development of Cameroon
Ato Abdulaziz Mohammed
Minister of Finance and Economic Cooperation of Ethiopia
Sri Mulyani Indrawati
Minister of Finance, Indonesia
Gervais Rakotoarimanana
Minister of Finance and Budget, Madagascar
Muhammad Ishaq Dar
Minister for Finance, Revenue, Economic Affairs, Statistics and Privatization, Pakistan
Amadou Ba
Minister of Economy and Finance, Senegal
Julie Gichuru
TV Host, Africa Leadership Dialogues

October 06, 2016
12:30 ET
16:30 GMT

One-and-a-half billion people around the world can’t prove who they are. Without an ID, they face barriers doing everyday tasks such as opening a bank account, accessing social benefits, and getting health insurance. New technologies can help countries build robust and inclusive identification systems.

Follow the event on Twitter with #ID4D

Paul Romer
Chief Economist, World Bank
Sigve Brekke
President and CEO Telenor Group
Ajay Bhushan Pandey
CEO of the Unique identification Authority of India, (UIDAI) 
Justin Forsyth
Deputy Executive Director, UNICEF

October 06, 2016
13:00 ET
17:00 GMT

At a time when other regions are looking inward, this event will highlight the way in which Latin America, and particularly Argentina and Pacific Alliance countries, are taking steps to better integrate with the rest of the world, to boost growth and tackle their development challenges.

Follow the event on Twitter with #IntegrateLAC

Jim Yong Kim
President, World Bank Group
Alfonso Prat-Gay
Minister of Treasury and Public Finances, Argentina
Alfredo Thorne
Minister of Economy and Finance, Peru
José Antonio Meade
Secretary of Finance and Public Credit, Mexico
Mauricio Cárdenas
Minister of Finance and Public Credit, Republic of Colombia
Rodrigo Valdés
Minister of Finance, Chile
Josefina Townsend
Newscaster, Lima, Peru

October 06, 2016
17:00 ET
21:00 GMT

This session explores important questions from the debate on globalization and multilateralism, which include: What lessons have we learned from past attempts at global collective action? What strategies, innovations and guiding principles can help ensure sustainable success?

Follow the event on Twitter with #Toward2030

Shaolin Yang
Managing Director and WBG Chief Administrative Officer , World Bank Group
Raymond Offenheiser
President, Oxfam America
Joachim von Amsberg
Vice President, Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank
Prof Lars-Hendrik Röller
Chief Economic Advisor to the Chancellor, Federal Chancellery of Germany
Clare Short
Chair, Cities Alliance; Former Secretary of State for International Development, UK
Afsaneh M. Beschloss
President and CEO, The Rock Creek Group

October 07, 2016
11:00 ET
15:00 GMT

Financial inclusion has emerged as a critical development challenge. Join us LIVE to hear about emerging countries’ innovative approaches toward financial inclusion and learn how countries can manage de-risking.

Follow the event on Twitter with #FinAccess2020

Her Majesty Queen Máxima of the Netherlands
UN Secretary-General’s Special Advocate for Inclusive Finance for Development
Jim Yong Kim
President, World Bank Group
Arun Jaitley
Union Minister of Finance and Corporate Affairs, India 
Zhou Xiaochuan 
Governor of the People’s Bank of China
Sri Mulyani Indrawati
Minister of Finance, Indonesia
Juan Manuel Vega-Serrano
President , Financial Action Task Force (FATF) 
Francine Lacqua
Anchor, Bloomberg Television, London

October 07, 2016
12:00 ET
16:00 GMT

Jobs are critical to building stability in fragile states, and the private sector plays a key role in providing opportunities. However, fragility poses many challenges to private sector job creation. The event will examine these challenges when creating new initiatives in advancing jobs in fragile and conflict-affected settings.

Follow the event on Twitter with #Jobs4Dev

Kyle Peters
Interim Managing Director and Chief Operating Officer and Vice-President, Operations, World Bank Group
Kristalina Georgieva
Vice President, Budget and Human Resources European Commission
Stefano Manservisi
Director General, International Cooperation and Development European Commission
Paul Collier
Professor, University of Oxford
Mohamed Omer Arteh Ghalib 
Deputy Prime Minister, Federal Republic of Somalia
Abdourahmane Cissé
Minister of Budget, Cote d’Ivoire
Martin Wolf
Journalist, Financial Times

October 07, 2016
13:30 ET
17:30 GMT

Hear directly from policymakers – and from other financiers of trade and integration programs like the World Bank – on how connectivity can improve the flow of goods, people, data and capital across East Asia.

Follow the event on Twitter with #IntegratedAsia

Sri Mulyani Indrawati
Minister of Finance, Indonesia
Quan Zheng
Director General, Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank
Laura Tuck
Vice President, Sustainable Development, World Bank
Victoria Kwakwa
Vice President, East Asia and Pacific Region, World Bank
Danny Leipziger
Managing Director of the Growth Dialogue
Roger Libby
Executive Vice President for Corporate Public Policy – DP DHL Americas

October 07, 2016
15:00 ET
19:00 GMT

This flagship event focuses on catalyzing, mobilizing and crowding-in private finance to support the attainment of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and the WBG’s Twin Goals.

Follow the event on Twitter with #Fin4Dev

Jim Yong Kim
President, World Bank Group
Priti Patel
MP, Secretary of State, UK Department for International Development 
Kaifala Marah
Governor, Central Bank of Sierra Leone
José Carlos Ugaz
Chair of the Board, Transparency International
Joaquim Levy
Managing Director and Chief Financial Officer, World Bank Group
Philippe H. Le Houérou
Executive Vice President and CEO, International Finance Corporation
Thierry Déau
Founding Partner, Chief Executive Officer, Meridiam Infrastructure
Jane Nelson 
Senior Fellow and Director of Corporate Social Responsibility Initiative, Mossavar-Rahmani Center for Business and Government, Harvard Kennedy School

October 07, 2016
16:30 ET
20:30 GMT

The high-level flagship event "One Year of the Sustainable Development Goals" brings together global leaders to highlight country actions on the Sustainable Development Goals. This is a key moment to build on this momentum and share country experiences in this ambitious and critical endeavor.

Follow the event on Twitter with #AM2016SDGs and #SDGs

Mahmoud Mohieldin
World Bank Group Senior Vice President for the 2030 Development Agenda, United Nations Relations, and Partnerships. 
Thomas Silberhorn
Parliamentary State Secretary, Germany
Mauricio Cárdenas
Minister of Finance and Public Credit, Republic of Colombia
Sahar Nasr
Minister of International Cooperation, Egypt
Helen Clark
Administrator, UNDP
Peter Thomson
President, UN General Assembly 
Jan Eliasson
Deputy Secretary-General, United Nations
Werner Hoyer
President, European Investment Bank

October 08, 2016
10:00 ET
14:00 GMT

In a world of growing global risks, over 80 % of humanitarian needs are in conflict-affected situations, and poverty is increasingly concentrated in these areas. There is consensus that the global community needs to focus on prevention rather than crisis response.

Follow the event on Twitter with #Dev4Peace

Speaker list coming soon.

Jim Yong Kim
President, World Bank Group
Børge Brende
Minister of Foreign Affairs, Norway
Ellen Johnson Sirleaf
President of Liberia

October 08, 2016
11:00 ET
15:00 GMT

The State of the Africa Region seminar provides an opportunity to reflect on the main trends shaping the economic development of the region. The seminar will discuss key challenges and opportunities facing Africa in an increasingly turbulent global economic environment.

Follow the event on Twitter with #AfricaSOR

Makhtar Diop
Vice President, Africa Region, World Bank Group
Albert G. Zeufack
Chief Economist, Africa, World Bank Group
Julie Gichuru
TV Host, Africa Leadership Dialogues

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Alibaba founder Jack Ma unveils ambitious plan

Mission: 100 million new jobs

By Dana McCauley

He already runs the world's biggest online shopping company, but Alibaba founder Jack Ma is not satisfied.

The Chinese billionaire has unveiled an even more ambitious plan to expand the company's reach across the globe, creating 100 million new jobs and transforming the global economy to create a more equitable world.

It may sound pie-in-the-sky, but the goal forms part of mission statement of the US$261 billion company's visionary executive chairman.

In a letter to shareholders, Ma outlined Alibaba's achievements of the past financial year - including a gross merchandise turnover of more than $195 billion (1 trillion RMB), an "unprecedented" figure - before looking to the future.

"We have more than 430 million annual active buyers, which means one out of every three individuals in China has made a purchase on our retail marketplaces," Ma wrote.

But, he said, while proud of Alibaba's online shopping achievements, "we want to do far more", saying that the benefits of globalisation had not been spread evenly, but that "digital disruption will bring us closer to a level playing field for young people and small businesses".

"We are not merely trying to shift buy/sell transactions from offline to online, nor are we changing conventional digital marketing models to squeeze out a little additional profit," he wrote.

"We are working to create the fundamental digital and physical infrastructure for the future of commerce, which includes marketplaces, payments, logistics, cloud computing, big data and a host of other fields."

The Alibaba group of companies, founded in 1999, accounts for 60 per cent of all Chinese online sales, and this year overtook Walmart as the world's largest retailer.


It has made Ma the second richest man in Asia, with a net worth of US$28.5 billion.


It's through cloud computing that Alibaba aims to expand its reach, and the company has been investing in the technology as part of a strategy that sees shoppers' data as the contemporary equivalent of mineral riches.

"Over the next 30 years, with computing power as the new 'technology breakthrough' and data as the new 'natural resource,' the landscape of retail, financial services, manufacturing and entertainment will be transformed," Ma wrote, forecasting a decades-long period of transformation.

"The internet revolution is a historical inflection point, much like when electricity was introduced, and it may have an even greater impact," he predicted.

Alibaba's mission, he said, was to "empower merchants with the ability to transform and upgrade their businesses for the future" and "help companies all over the world to grow".

"We believe, the commerce infrastructure we have created in China - marketplaces, payments, logistics, cloud computing and big data, all working in concert - can be applied on a global scale to lift up small and medium businesses and ordinary consumers around the world."

Eight years after launching, Alibaba Cloud hosts 35 per cent of Chinese websites, while delivering cloud computing and big data services.


Ma said Alibaba was constantly adapting to the changing e-commerce environment, as staying at the forefront of innovation was key to its continued success.

"In the coming years, we anticipate the birth of a re-imagined retail industry driven by the integration of online, offline, logistics and data across a single value chain," he said.

"With e-commerce itself rapidly becoming a "traditional business," pure e-commerce players will soon face tremendous challenges."

A shift to mobile revenue was one such change, he said, with mobile climbing from a single-digit percentage to three-years of total revenue from Alibaba's Chinese retail marketplaces, in the space of two years.

"This is why we are adapting, and it's why we strive to play a major role in the advancement of this new economic environment," Ma said.

Innovations like Alibaba's Qianniu app, which helps online businesses to improve sales and marketing while enhancing efficiency, were an example of the type of projects the company aimed to focus on.

"In 20 years, we hope to serve two billion consumers around the world, empower 10 million profitable businesses and create 100 million jobs," Ma said, adding: "This will be an even more difficult journey than the one behind us."

LISTEN : Newstalk ZB Political Editor Barry Soper speaks to Andrew Dickens on KPMG Early Edition

Mr Ma - who's worth around $50 billion - met with John Key in Beijing late yesterday. He made his money through founding the online commerce platform Ali Baba.

Standing alongside the Prime Minister, he heaped praise on the country, which he says is loved by many Chinese.

"At least 20 of my colleagues retired from Ali Baba. They're all very young, in their 40s, they all go to New Zealand."

"I asked what they do apart from the golf and green things and they say it's the people there."

It wasn't all social, with the Chinese billionaire also talking business.

Jack Ma told the entrepreneurs luncheon Kiwi businesspeople find it difficult to access the Chinese market.

Mr Ma said he wants to make that easier with his multi-platform organisation.

"We have Ali Baba University. We would either have courses in New Zealand or invite the entrepreneurs in New Zealand to stay in China for two weeks for training."

"The second is that we're going to open an Ali Baba business embassy next year in New Zealand."

John Key is in China meeting business and political leaders.



Innovation "Made in China" - The Case of Alibaba and the role of Net-based Small Business

Innovation is a key driver for economic development and social progress and small business is one of the best ways for people to express their willingness and capability to innovate.  Pervasive business ownership has, therefore, been the foundation in many societies for the continued improvement of people’s economic wellbeing. In the People’ Republic of China, however, private business ownership was prohibited between 1957 and 1978. Productive innovations were extremely restricted and as a consequence, China’s economy was on the verge of collapse by the end of 1978. The Chinese people had suffered a historic setback.

Alibaba’s growth, driven by unleashing grassroots entrepreneurship, has become an exemplar of China’s innovation in the 21st century.  Started by 18 young people in 1999, Alibaba has grown into a giant global internet platform and has made many invaluable contributions to China’s progress. Highlighting the importance of pervasive small business ownership in unleashing grassroots innovation and improving economic wellbeing, Professor Lowrey will discuss Alibaba’s innovative strategies and explain the economic theory behind its inspiring success.




Dr. Ying Lowrey is Professor of Economics at Tsinghua University and Deputy Director of the Tsinghua Research Center for Chinese Entrepreneurs, and a member of the Academic Committee for Alibaba Group Research Institute. Her teaching and research interests include economics of innovation and entrepreneurship in the internet and platform economy, the modern microfinance market, business demographics, characteristics of business owners, and the role of free enterprise and competition in the macroeconomy. 

She received her economics Ph.D. from Duke University, economics MA from Yale University and mathematics BS from Wuhan University. Before joining Tsinghua University in 2012, she served as senior economist at the Office of Advocacy, U.S. Small Business Administration and has taught economics at George Washington University and San Diego State University.


Selected publications 




Founder of Ali Baba commits his work for Chinese on internet to generate 100 million microentrepren…chris macraeNov 23, 200950 views

Founder of Ali Baba commits his work for Chinese on internet to generate 100 million microentrepreneur jobs in 2010s - who else would you vote at the centre of 100 million job creation leagues?
=====================update sumer 2016:
unlike oiher years spent with bangaldeshi inspired youth, i spent 2015-2016 mainly with a class of chinese female students - what brilliant minds and tirelss sources of human energy - i hope this summary of why the whole world can celebrate what jack ma is doing is near to the mark - but as always look forward to editing any errors which are mine alone washington dc text 240 316 8157
was english language tutoring

In 1995 he was sent to the usa on an exchange mission and encountered the worldwideweb - then unknown in China. He determined the www would be the biggest job creating innovation of his (or his generations) life and hopefully of every Chinese entrepreneur he could valuably link into.

Over the next 15 years his wizard coding teams went from something that was little more than an electronic yellow pages for small businesses to conceiving sustainability generation's 2 greatest retailing platforms china or the world may ever have seen..

the taobao platform is the most valuable job creating concept retailers have ever mediated because it reverses the western trend of globalisiation of retailers, bankers and big corporations squeezing out local and small enterprises from having a market; how taobao did that is an extraordinarily detailed story but note how Ma was concerned to ensure even the most cut-off of Chinese villagers could start up on tao bao (rural ecommerce is one of the innovations that Ma has led the www purpose to linkin)

His other mall was pitched at the more usual high cost fashions of big global merchandisers. Because of complex property laws in chinese cities, most expensive retailers are not much of a joy to shop in. So ali baba created a lifestyle -eg celebrate singles day 11/11 shopping virtually rather than the physically exhausting interaction in The West's biggest shopping days of the year)

SO 365/24/7 consumers of ali baba can choose who they value developing most with their purchasing power as well as searching merchandise with global image or local cultural joy

Alibaba has become china's and probably the word's largest retailing channel. It does this with next to no merchandise but brilliant coding so that every store front on its platforms delivers with equal reliability. Hunting out exactly how Ma forms partnerships so that big data analysis benefits the smallest enterprises and most local consumers ought to be a job of whomever is sustainability goals greatest economist.

Intriguingly to ensure he could compete with the chinese internet companies that raced to co-create the www that Ma had opened space for in china, Ma IPO'd Alibaba through a process 2010-2015 while developing his secret sustainability weapon under private ownership. AlIpay is china's number 1 financial inclusion delivery system and maybe global youth most humanly productive coding achievement to date.

Comparing china's top 10 internet properties with the west's is very interesting. Are the consuming behaviours on ali baba more sustainable than those on amazon or ebay or paypal? Are the learnng behaviours on baidu more sustaining of youth than on google or coursera or microsoft's linkedin. Time will tell but note how speaking english, chinese and coding (as well as mother tongue) are probably what educators anywhere on planet earth should NOW be most valuing their global youth's future freedom to thrive entrepreneurially around.

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