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CHINA G20 Aug 2016 

BRAVO HANGZHOU One thing economists and huiman beings can now agree on- if the net generation succeeds witth sustainabikity Hangzhou will have been global youth's tipping point as the benchmark future caoital of sustainability world trade. Fitting as Hangzhou has experinece of being the world's traing epicentre as it was in the days the Silk Road was the biggest source of world trade near the start of the second millennium 

 BRAVO HANGZHOU - worldwide city of valuing collaboration

Time to Go Beyond Industrial Age World Trade -Hangzhou China G20 2016 shows how with EWTP between small entreprises worldwide will be the breakthrlough model of way above zero sum value exchange by integrating every locality (including those villages starting poorest) into a goodwill multiplying planet of health and wealth for all

For humans to be sustainable , we need to collaborate in growing human beings in so many ways that 20th C Gross Domestic Product never valued.. Consuming and extraction of things isnt the only world trade. Now that nearly everybody in the world is interconnecetd by technology lets map back a world where there 10 tiems more  value from innovations in collaboration than just competition. And when western startegists talk of public private partnerships why dont they integrate organsiations valuing youth - the half of the world aged under 30. Its their generation who will be expoentially winning or losing sustainability of our species.

iof the future need to celebrate learning and green solutions and innovatiosn that multiply

value by being shared across communities everywhere. See top video from Astronaut Garan 


how about helping teachers and youth debate freedom by understamnding there are two opposued types of markets -worldwide sustainable the greatest challenge of the net generation  versus wotldwide unustainable -the dismal model that has accidentally monopolised  western government globalisation -ie that of beinhg ruled only by the paradigm of conuming more and more things


 what did g20 leaders say about opening up sustainability trade around global youth ; how did hangzhou becopme youth sustainability world trade centre 


Xi's 5 proposals 5. The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development should be realized to promote inclusive growth. 

which will be the top 20 movers and shakers countries of china's next world trade maps and Norman MacraeFoundation (  usa text 240 316 8157 ) welcomes links to Updating The Economists' 1975 vision of Asia-China-Pacfic Century seeking solutions “towards an innovative, invigorated, interconnected and inclusive world economy.”

G20 Trade Ministers have already agreed to lay down nine core principles for global investment. At the summit, China will keep pressing for emerging markets to have a bigger say in the Bretton Woods system.

China will seek greater G20 backing for the New Silk Roads – or One Belt, One Road (OBOR), as they are officially known – as well as the new Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB).

China has proposed OBOR; a pan-Eurasian connectivity spectacular designed to configure a hypermarket at least 10 times the size of the US market within the next two decades.


Shuttling between the West and Asia, one can glimpse,  $1.4 trillion project potentially touching 64 nations, no less than 4.4 billion people and around 40 per cent of the global economy which will, among other features, create new “innovative, invigorated, interconnected and inclusive” trade horizons and arguably install a post-geopolitics win-win era.

An array of financial mechanisms is already in place. The AIIB (which will fund way beyond the initial commitment of $100 billion); the Silk Road Fund ($40 billion already committed); the BRICS’s New Development Bank (NDB), initially committing $100 billion; plus assorted players such as the China Development Bank and the Hong Kong-based China Merchants Holdings International.

Chinese state companies and funds are relentlessly buying up ports and tech companies in Western Europe – from Greece to the UK.Cargo trains are now plying the route from Zhejiang to Tehran in 14 days, through Kazakhstan and Turkmenistan; soon this will be all part of a trans-Eurasia high-speed rail network, including a high-speed Transiberian. The $46 billion China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) has the potential to unblock vast swathes of South Asia, with Gwadar, operated by China Overseas Port Holdings, slated to become a key naval hub of the New Silk Roads. Deep-sea ports will be built in Kyaukphyu in Myanmar, Sonadia island in Bangladesh, Hambantota in Sri Lanka. Add to them the China-Belarus Industrial Park and 33 deals in Kazakhstan covering everything from mining and engineering to oil and gas.

A lot of the action happens in member-states or observers of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO). The New Silk Roads are about to be totally intertwined with the reprogramming of the SCO as a security-economic cooperation umbrella.

In parallel Russia, with the progressive coordination of the Eurasia Economic Union (EEU) with the New Silk Roads, projects the Russia-China strategic partnership much further than just New Silk Road connectivity to Europe.

Follow those CUES

Southeast Asia – via the Maritime Silk Road — is a key hub in the New Connectivity Game in Eurasia. 

 Following a recent meeting in Inner Mongolia, China and ASEAN are set to launch an emergency diplomatic hotline and eventually adopt a Code for Unplanned Encounters at Sea (CUES).

ASEAN and East Asian powers, meanwhile, keep weighing the merits of the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) — 16 nations, 29% of global trade – as an alternative to the US corporate-pushed TPP, a sort of NATO-on-trade that excludes China.

China is hyperactive on all fronts. It will boost the use of Singapore know how to advance New Silk Road projects. Singapore, with a population nearly 75% ethnic Chinese, is China’s largest foreign investor and a major overseas hub for yuan trade. More than 20% of Singapore’s GDP is linked to China.

China from economically reign over the Asia-Pacific.

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     India's viewpoint
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    – Vision of transparent, equitable, non-discriminatory, open, inclusive and rule-based global trading architecture should underpin collective efforts.

    – Global trading regime must respond to needs and priorities of developing nations. Global value chains must provide them playing field.

    – Knowledge & innovation driven economy requires free mobility. India’s priority is to work towards Trade Facilitation Agreement for Services.

    – Those who sponsor and support terrorism must be isolated and sanctioned, not rewarded. India appreciates the G-20 initiative on combating the Financing of Terrorism.

    – Global and public health security is an important issue. We need global partnerships in sharing new vaccines and access to affordable drugs for developing world.


    From London's Daily Telegraph

    Where? Hangzhou is the capital of China's Zhejiang province, and sits south west of Shanghai.

    Why? Hangzhou was chosen as the embodiment of China’s economic shift from an economy based on low-cost manufacturing to high technology.

    Famous for? The e-commerce giant Alibaba, whose initial public offering in 2014 continues to rank as the largest in the world at $25 billion, was founded in Hangzhou, which is also the hometown of its founder Jack Ma.

    Chinese President Xi Jinping also served as Zhejiang province’s Communist Party chief and is said to fondly remember the five years he spent in Hangzhou.


    Who chairs the G20 summit?

    The G20 has no permanent staff of its own and its chairmanship rotates annually between nations divided into regional groupings. 

    China holds the chairmanship in 2016, with Germany to take over in 2017, and India the year after. Hosting the summit is an opportunity to set the agenda and lead discussions.

    In 2009, when the UK held a special spring summit, former Prime Minister Gordon Brown orchestrated a deal in which world leaders agreed on a $1.1 trillion injection of financial aid into the global economy. The “historic” deal was widely viewed as a success. 

    Facelift? Ahead of the summit, Chinese leaders have spent billions on new highways and three-storey homes near the International Expo Centre, the venue for the summit, which was completed in April 2016 at a staggering cost of £917 million. 

  • smart interviews of CCTV f why china g20 summit so important included



     ice President of CIIS. He graduated from Beijing Languages University in August, 1980, majored in English. In June 1983, He graduated from BYU, Hawaii Campus, with a BA in History and Government. His educational background also included an MA degree and a PhD in Economics (part time) from Nankai University in July, 2001. Dr. Liu joined Ministry of Foreign Affairs of China in 1980. He has been posted in Chinese Embassy in Australia (1988-1989), Papua New Guinea (1989-1993), Tanzania (1999-2001), Ethiopia (2001-2005) and US (2003-2007). He is visiting research fellow at Fudan University. Dr. Liu published extensively on international trade and world economy.


     3 Toutiao, Taijichang, Beijing, 100005, CHINA

    Tel: 8610-85119547; 8610-85119549 [Office of International Exchanges]


     Both usa and europe struggl'ing with ;political problem of 1930s infrastructires! Cant contribute to 21st sustainability youth unless they understand this. Infrastructire grwos economy ulike handouts amd welfare- cf china's better road initaive.

    China Voice

    Asia-Africa cooperation in the new era of Belt and Road Initiative

    Panview at Belt and Road Seminars

    Gao Xiang, secretary-general of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences: The Belt and Road Initiative and the Asia Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB) provide new opportunities for Asia-Africa cooperation.

    Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank should not be a Beijing-vs-Washington issue

    By Zha Daojiong, professor of international political economy, Peking University

    China would be ill-advised to regard Washington’s disapproval of its allies joining AIIB as an affront. As a traditional Chinese saying goes: Listen to both sides and you will be enlightened; heed only one side and you will be benighted (兼听则明,偏信则暗).
    If the US is concerned about AIIB having an impact on its soft power, it could serve its own interests better by keeping an open mind about the project. It should also look at possibilities of collaboration on specific investment projects in the future.

    Triple missions of Belt and Road Initiative

    By Wang Yiwei, director of institute of international affairs, Renmin University of China 

    There are three missions ahead for the Belt and Road Initiative. 
    1)Seeking a way for global economic growth in the post-crisis era
    2) Realizing global rebalancing 
    3) Creating a new model for regional cooperation in the 21st century

    Different roles of Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank

    By Zhang Monan, assistant researcher of China Center for International Economic Exchanges 

    From the view of the development trend of building diversified investment and a financing system framework, the establishment of AIIB is complementary to the existing financial system rather than a rival.
    In addition to existing investment funds in China which can play a greater role in infrastructure financing, some long-term funds or various innovative financing tools can be issued. In particular, we should actively promote Public-Private Partnership (PPP) to encourage and attract the private sector to invest in infrastructure programs.

    Risk control strategy for Belt & Road

    By Zheng Gang, business risk management expert 

    Chinese companies stepping out the 21st Century Maritime Silk Road or Silk Road Economic Belt might face highly complex and diverse risks including: 
    1. major political/policy changes by the host nation; 
    2. religious/nationalist wars and/or civil strife; 
    3. government nationalization and expropriation; .....

    Foreign Opinions

    The role of the AIIB in financing developing Asia reporter Devon Reid Mok 

    Critics should remember that the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank is meant to be an inter-governmental institution, and that its shareholders will all have a say in how the organization approaches multilateral development in Asia. 
    Non-member states harboring concerns about the direction of this organization would probably be better off trying to influence the policies of the AIIB from within.

    Guest: Zhenis Kembayev

    "Distrust in China is also a serious problem in many countries, particularly in the United States, that might view China’s One Belt One Road initiative as a direct challenge to US dominance in Asia and beyond."

    Lt Col Brendan S Mulvaney

    "The One Belt, One Road initiative can help provide much-needed connectivity to regions of the world which otherwise face significant challenges."

    Antonio Villafranca

    " Xi’s new initiative of One Belt One Road is an important step towards integrating Europe and Asia economically. This policy will strengthen China’s relationship with countries in Central and Southeast Asia."

    Andreas Freytag

    "This initiative offers great opportunities for both regional and global integration of China’s Asian neighbors as well as for China itself. "

    Melissa H Conley Tyler

    "One Belt One Road is a logical policy to improve economic and political links. China has historic trade and people-to-people links through the ancient Silk Road which it can build on for modern advantage. Countries in the region are realizing that connectivity is the key to economic development."

    Nobuhide Hatasa

    "President Xi’s initiative of the One Belt One Road is one of important tools to boost up the slowing Chinese economy by connecting its economy with foreign countries and attracting more and more external demands."

    • What are the priorities of "Belt and Road" Initiatives?

    • Benefits of "Belt and Road" Initiatives


    Alibaba founder Jack Ma unveils ambitious plan

    Mission: 100 million new jobs

    By Dana McCauley

    He already runs the world's biggest online shopping company, but Alibaba founder Jack Ma is not satisfied.

    The Chinese billionaire has unveiled an even more ambitious plan to expand the company's reach across the globe, creating 100 million new jobs and transforming the global economy to create a more equitable world.

    It may sound pie-in-the-sky, but the goal forms part of mission statement of the US$261 billion company's visionary executive chairman.

    In a letter to shareholders, Ma outlined Alibaba's achievements of the past financial year - including a gross merchandise turnover of more than $195 billion (1 trillion RMB), an "unprecedented" figure - before looking to the future.

    "We have more than 430 million annual active buyers, which means one out of every three individuals in China has made a purchase on our retail marketplaces," Ma wrote.

    But, he said, while proud of Alibaba's online shopping achievements, "we want to do far more", saying that the benefits of globalisation had not been spread evenly, but that "digital disruption will bring us closer to a level playing field for young people and small businesses".

    "We are not merely trying to shift buy/sell transactions from offline to online, nor are we changing conventional digital marketing models to squeeze out a little additional profit," he wrote.

    "We are working to create the fundamental digital and physical infrastructure for the future of commerce, which includes marketplaces, payments, logistics, cloud computing, big data and a host of other fields."

    The Alibaba group of companies, founded in 1999, accounts for 60 per cent of all Chinese online sales, and this year overtook Walmart as the world's largest retailer.


    It has made Ma the second richest man in Asia, with a net worth of US$28.5 billion.


    It's through cloud computing that Alibaba aims to expand its reach, and the company has been investing in the technology as part of a strategy that sees shoppers' data as the contemporary equivalent of mineral riches.

    "Over the next 30 years, with computing power as the new 'technology breakthrough' and data as the new 'natural resource,' the landscape of retail, financial services, manufacturing and entertainment will be transformed," Ma wrote, forecasting a decades-long period of transformation.

    "The internet revolution is a historical inflection point, much like when electricity was introduced, and it may have an even greater impact," he predicted.

    Alibaba's mission, he said, was to "empower merchants with the ability to transform and upgrade their businesses for the future" and "help companies all over the world to grow".

    "We believe, the commerce infrastructure we have created in China - marketplaces, payments, logistics, cloud computing and big data, all working in concert - can be applied on a global scale to lift up small and medium businesses and ordinary consumers around the world."

    Eight years after launching, Alibaba Cloud hosts 35 per cent of Chinese websites, while delivering cloud computing and big data services.


    Ma said Alibaba was constantly adapting to the changing e-commerce environment, as staying at the forefront of innovation was key to its continued success.

    "In the coming years, we anticipate the birth of a re-imagined retail industry driven by the integration of online, offline, logistics and data across a single value chain," he said.

    "With e-commerce itself rapidly becoming a "traditional business," pure e-commerce players will soon face tremendous challenges."

    A shift to mobile revenue was one such change, he said, with mobile climbing from a single-digit percentage to three-years of total revenue from Alibaba's Chinese retail marketplaces, in the space of two years.

    "This is why we are adapting, and it's why we strive to play a major role in the advancement of this new economic environment," Ma said.

    Innovations like Alibaba's Qianniu app, which helps online businesses to improve sales and marketing while enhancing efficiency, were an example of the type of projects the company aimed to focus on.

    "In 20 years, we hope to serve two billion consumers around the world, empower 10 million profitable businesses and create 100 million jobs," Ma said, adding: "This will be an even more difficult journey than the one behind us."

    LISTEN : Newstalk ZB Political Editor Barry Soper speaks to Andrew Dickens on KPMG Early Edition

    Mr Ma - who's worth around $50 billion - met with John Key in Beijing late yesterday. He made his money through founding the online commerce platform Ali Baba.

    Standing alongside the Prime Minister, he heaped praise on the country, which he says is loved by many Chinese.

    "At least 20 of my colleagues retired from Ali Baba. They're all very young, in their 40s, they all go to New Zealand."

    "I asked what they do apart from the golf and green things and they say it's the people there."

    It wasn't all social, with the Chinese billionaire also talking business.

    Jack Ma told the entrepreneurs luncheon Kiwi businesspeople find it difficult to access the Chinese market.

    Mr Ma said he wants to make that easier with his multi-platform organisation.

    "We have Ali Baba University. We would either have courses in New Zealand or invite the entrepreneurs in New Zealand to stay in China for two weeks for training."

    "The second is that we're going to open an Ali Baba business embassy next year in New Zealand."

    John Key is in China meeting business and political leaders.



    Innovation "Made in China" - The Case of Alibaba and the role of Net-based Small Business

    Innovation is a key driver for economic development and social progress and small business is one of the best ways for people to express their willingness and capability to innovate.  Pervasive business ownership has, therefore, been the foundation in many societies for the continued improvement of people’s economic wellbeing. In the People’ Republic of China, however, private business ownership was prohibited between 1957 and 1978. Productive innovations were extremely restricted and as a consequence, China’s economy was on the verge of collapse by the end of 1978. The Chinese people had suffered a historic setback.

    Alibaba’s growth, driven by unleashing grassroots entrepreneurship, has become an exemplar of China’s innovation in the 21st century.  Started by 18 young people in 1999, Alibaba has grown into a giant global internet platform and has made many invaluable contributions to China’s progress. Highlighting the importance of pervasive small business ownership in unleashing grassroots innovation and improving economic wellbeing, Professor Lowrey will discuss Alibaba’s innovative strategies and explain the economic theory behind its inspiring success.




    Dr. Ying Lowrey is Professor of Economics at Tsinghua University and Deputy Director of the Tsinghua Research Center for Chinese Entrepreneurs, and a member of the Academic Committee for Alibaba Group Research Institute. Her teaching and research interests include economics of innovation and entrepreneurship in the internet and platform economy, the modern microfinance market, business demographics, characteristics of business owners, and the role of free enterprise and competition in the macroeconomy. 

    She received her economics Ph.D. from Duke University, economics MA from Yale University and mathematics BS from Wuhan University. Before joining Tsinghua University in 2012, she served as senior economist at the Office of Advocacy, U.S. Small Business Administration and has taught economics at George Washington University and San Diego State University.


    Selected publications 




    Founder of Ali Baba commits his work for Chinese on internet to generate 100 million microentrepren…chris macraeNov 23, 200950 views

    Founder of Ali Baba commits his work for Chinese on internet to generate 100 million microentrepreneur jobs in 2010s - who else would you vote at the centre of 100 million job creation leagues?
    =====================update sumer 2016:
    unlike oiher years spent with bangaldeshi inspired youth, i spent 2015-2016 mainly with a class of chinese female students - what brilliant minds and tirelss sources of human energy - i hope this summary of why the whole world can celebrate what jack ma is doing is near to the mark - but as always look forward to editing any errors which are mine alone washington dc text 240 316 8157
    was english language tutoring

    In 1995 he was sent to the usa on an exchange mission and encountered the worldwideweb - then unknown in China. He determined the www would be the biggest job creating innovation of his (or his generations) life and hopefully of every Chinese entrepreneur he could valuably link into.

    Over the next 15 years his wizard coding teams went from something that was little more than an electronic yellow pages for small businesses to conceiving sustainability generation's 2 greatest retailing platforms china or the world may ever have seen..

    the taobao platform is the most valuable job creating concept retailers have ever mediated because it reverses the western trend of globalisiation of retailers, bankers and big corporations squeezing out local and small enterprises from having a market; how taobao did that is an extraordinarily detailed story but note how Ma was concerned to ensure even the most cut-off of Chinese villagers could start up on tao bao (rural ecommerce is one of the innovations that Ma has led the www purpose to linkin)

    His other mall was pitched at the more usual high cost fashions of big global merchandisers. Because of complex property laws in chinese cities, most expensive retailers are not much of a joy to shop in. So ali baba created a lifestyle -eg celebrate singles day 11/11 shopping virtually rather than the physically exhausting interaction in The West's biggest shopping days of the year)

    SO 365/24/7 consumers of ali baba can choose who they value developing most with their purchasing power as well as searching merchandise with global image or local cultural joy

    Alibaba has become china's and probably the word's largest retailing channel. It does this with next to no merchandise but brilliant coding so that every store front on its platforms delivers with equal reliability. Hunting out exactly how Ma forms partnerships so that big data analysis benefits the smallest enterprises and most local consumers ought to be a job of whomever is sustainability goals greatest economist.

    Intriguingly to ensure he could compete with the chinese internet companies that raced to co-create the www that Ma had opened space for in china, Ma IPO'd Alibaba through a process 2010-2015 while developing his secret sustainability weapon under private ownership. AlIpay is china's number 1 financial inclusion delivery system and maybe global youth most humanly productive coding achievement to date.

    Comparing china's top 10 internet properties with the west's is very interesting. Are the consuming behaviours on ali baba more sustainable than those on amazon or ebay or paypal? Are the learnng behaviours on baidu more sustaining of youth than on google or coursera or microsoft's linkedin. Time will tell but note how speaking english, chinese and coding (as well as mother tongue) are probably what educators anywhere on planet earth should NOW be most valuing their global youth's future freedom to thrive entrepreneurially around.

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